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General Assembly

C-PACE Expansion On Governor Northam’s Desk

Lost in the excitement and debate about the Virginia Clean Energy Act (we talked about it here), a number of other clean energy and energy efficiency bills have been winding their way through the General Assembly. One bill in particular that has flown under the radar is House Bill 654, which amends the Virginia C-PACE enabling legislation to empower the Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy to develop and administer a statewide program for C-PACE. HB 654 has now passed both the House and Senate and awaits signature by the Governor.

C-PACE, which stands for Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy, is an innovative lending program now active in over 20 states including parts of Virginia, which provides long-term financing for renewable energy, energy efficiency, and resiliency upgrades for commercial buildings. C-PACE loans are repaid via a special assessment on the property tax bills and can often finance 100% of eligible improvements. For a summary of C-PACE, where its available, and how it works, check out and

C-PACE has been enabled in Virginia since 2009, but because the financing mechanism involves special assessments on property, to date, each local jurisdiction is required to pass enabling ordinances to enable the assessment changes, and then implement the necessary changes to their property tax systems. Currently, eight Virginia jurisdictions have passed enabling legislation and are in various stages of implementation, including some of the largest in the Commonwealth, including Fairfax, Loudon, Richmond, Petersburg and Fredericksburg. (See chart below, courtesy of our friends at the Virginia Pace Authority.)

The change provided by HB 654 will create a state wide program that any jurisdiction can opt into. This will streamline the process, provide a more centralized mechanism for promoting the program, and allow smaller jurisdictions, who may not feel that they have the resources to implement and manage such a program, to avail themselves of the same benefits that larger jurisdictions have gleaned from C-PACE.

Once passed, the Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy will engage a private entity through a competitive selection process to run the program. This is an exciting development for energy efficiency efforts in the Commonwealth, and we are hopeful this legislation will become law. Check back here for more developments on C-PACE and if you are interested in learning more about how you can take advantage of C-PACE where currently available, contact Andy Brownstein or any of our Virginia energy lawyers.


Locality Status (as of Dec. 17, 2019) Program Details
Arlington County Active Launched in Jan. 2018, Arlington C-PACE is the first active program in the state. Sustainable Real Estate Solutions is the program administrator.
City of Fredericksburg Active Fredericksburg enabling ordinance passed Dec. 2018. City intends to self-administer program initially, and staff considers the program to be active.
Loudoun County Active Loudoun County and program administrator Virginia PACE Authority (“VPA”) launched program in November, 2019 late 2019.
Fairfax County Active January 2020 Fairfax County selected VPA as its program administrator in November, 2019. Program launch anticipated in early 2020.
City of Petersburg Active January 2020 Ordinance passed on July 3, 2019. City rode Loudoun County’s contract with VPA in August.
City of Richmond Ordinance enacted City Council passed ordinance on November 12, 2019. Program to be launched by mid-2020 per ordinance requirement.
City of Alexandria Ordinance in development Funding to support ordinance/program development approved April, 2019. launch of program anticipated in mid-2020. Anticipated public comment on ordinance in January 2020.
Town of Dumfries Ordinance enacted City Council passed ordinance on December 3, 2019. No further info is available regarding if they are issuing an RFP or riding a contract with another locality.
City of Lynchburg Ordinance enacted City Council passed ordinance on December 10, 2019. No further info is available regarding if they are issuing an RFP or riding a contract with another locality.


Progress on Virginia’s Clean Economy Act

The folks at  Virginia Mercury carried a nice summary today about the pending Virginia Clean Economy Act [ht to RichmondBizSense for pointing this out for us], one of Governor Ralph Northam’s signature efforts for this year’s General Assembly. We’re following its progress carefully.

If you want to know more about he Virginia Clean Economy Act or anything about energy issues in Virginia or the mid-Atlantic, simply contact one of our Virginia energy lawyers.

Legislative Post-Session Discussion in Harrisonburg

Chamber Post-Legislative Breakfast 2019On April 8, our Harrisonburg partner Jared Burden will join in sponsoring the Harrisonburg-Rockingham Chamber of Commerce and Shenandoah Valley Technology Council’s Post Legislative Breakfast with legislators and business leaders discussing the laws, budget actions and plans made at the recent General Assembly session. The discussion starts at 7:30 a.m. and we hope, if you’re interested, you’ll register with the Chamber here.

If you have questions about the event, contact the Chamber. If you want to know more about our Harrisonburg practices or need to discuss a legal issue, just get in touch with Jared, or any of our business lawyers.

Dominion Proposes Significant New Solar and Gas-Fired Generation

On May 1, Dominion Energy Virginia (“Dominion”) filed its 2018 Integrated Resource Plan (“IRP”) at the State Corporation Commission (“SCC”). In Virginia, an IRP is a utility’s proposal for meeting customer demand over the next 15 years. An IRP is a planning document and does not represent a commitment to pursue any particular course of action. Instead, it is the utility’s best assessment, at a particular point in time, regarding which resources it will deploy over the planning horizon.

The SCC must review Dominion’s IRP and decide whether the plan is “reasonable and in the public interest.” Generally, interested parties are able to present arguments and testimony regarding the reasonableness of the plan.

Dominion’s 2018 filing includes five alternative scenarios. The key variable in the alternative plans is carbon regulation. For example, the IRP includes different modeling based on whether a carbon tax is imposed at the federal or state level, or whether the Commonwealth joins the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.

In each alternative plan, Dominion proposes to add at least 4,700 MW of new solar capacity in the next 15 years. Dominion also proposes to add between 3,700 and 5,200 MW of new gas-fired generation. Dominion suggests that these new gas facilities will be used as “peaking resources,” which run when necessary during periods of increased demand, such as on hot summer days when there is greater need for air conditioning. The also IRP assumes that Dominion’s peak demand will increase 1.4% each year.

The IRP indicates that the proposed Atlantic Coast Pipeline (“ACP”) will be a supply source for the new gas facilities. Dominion states that it has already signed an agreement to “secure firm transportation services on the Atlantic Coast Pipeline.” Dominion’s parent company, Dominion Energy, is one of the developers of the ACP.

Finally, the IRP assumes that Dominion’s four nuclear reactors will receive federal approval to remain operational throughout the planning period. However, Dominion says that it will “pause material development activities for North Anna 3,” a third nuclear reactor that the company was planning to construct at its nuclear facility in central Virginia.

The IRP notes that Senate Bill 966, which was enacted by General Assembly earlier this year, will become effective on July 1 of this year. This legislation is intended to encourage investments in renewable energy and “grid transformation” projects. The legislation requires Dominion to propose at least $870 million in energy efficiency programs over the next 10 years.

Dominion states that it “has begun the initial planning associated with a transformational grid modernization effort.” These “grid transformation” efforts will include investments in smart meter technology, distribution substation automation, “replacing aging infrastructure,” and an “enhanced customer information platform” to allow customers to manage their energy consumption. Although the IRP notes that Senate Bill 966 requires the company to propose $870 million in efficiency programs over the next 10 years, the IRP does not identify what type investments might be made.

We expect the SCC will enter an order for notice and hearing in the coming weeks. The SCC’s order will include deadlines for intervention, expert witness testimony submissions, and a date for the evidentiary hearing.

If you have any questions about Dominion’s IRP, or other electric energy matters, please contact one of GreenHurlockler’s renewable energy or regulatory lawyers.

Governor McAuliffe Conducts Clean Energy Signing Ceremony

Governor McAuliffe singing clean energy billsGreeneHurlocker attorney Eric Hurlocker was among the invited guests attending the clean energy bill signing ceremony at the Governor’s mansion this morning. Governor McAuliffe signed eleven pieces of legislation passed by the 2017 General Assembly that will help promote further development of renewable energy in Virginia. The Governor noted that “Virginia is moving in the right direction, especially with the recent announcement of record growth in our solar industry, but there is still work to do.” The Governor also added that while there were only 17 MW of installed solar energy in Virginia at the beginning of 2014, the Commonwealth can now boast of over 1500 MW of solar generation that is either installed or under development today.

Among the legislation signed today was Senate Bill 1393 (Wagner), a community solar bill that will allow customers of Appalachian Power and Dominion to purchase 100% solar energy from new solar facilities located in Virginia. Customers will be permitted to voluntarily “subscribe” to a solar energy rate schedule. Currently, neither utility offers customers an option to purchase 100% solar energy.

Senate Bill 1395 (Wagner), also signed today, will expand the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality’s (“DEQ”) “permit-by-rule” (“PBR”) process to include larger renewable energy facilities. The PBR can often reduce the time and expense necessary to receive the state approvals required to begin construction and operation of a solar or wind facility. Senate Bill 1395 increases the facility size threshold, from 100 MW to 150 MW, which will allow more facilities to be permitted with fewer regulatory burdens from the state. Facilities receiving a PBR are exempted from State Corporation Commission review, so long as the project costs are not recovered from a utility’s ratepayers.

The Governor also signed House Bill 2390 (Kilgore), which will allow non-profit higher education institutions in Appalachian Power’s service territory to purchase 100% renewable energy from non-utility sellers. This bill is intended to address some of the economic challenges faced by colleges who wish to use renewable energy. House Bill 2390, by allowing non-profit colleges to purchase energy from third-party sellers, will permit these institutions to take advantage of federal tax benefits of renewable energy investments.

Please contact one of our renewable energy lawyers or regulatory attorneys should you have questions about these energy bills.

Get Your Lobby On! Virginia Clean Energy Lobby Days 2017

We’re big on advocating the expansion of development and use of renewable energy sources in Virginia and, as members of the Maryland-DC-Virginia Solar Energy Industry Association (MDV-SEIA), we show up on Clean Energy Lobby Day. CELD is an annual advocacy day which allows legislators and constituents to connect regarding energy policy under consideration by the General Assembly. It’s always a great time to talk with legislators and our industry partners.

This year, there will be two CELD opportunities at subcommittee meetings at the Capitol in Richmond: Thursday, January 26th, for the Senate Energy Subcommittee and Tuesday January 31st, for the House Energy Subcommittee. If you want more solar development, this might be a chance to make your opinion heard by the General Assembly. Come join us!

If you want to know more about MDV-SEIA, where GreeneHurlocker co-founder Eric Hurlocker serves on the Board, or about renewable energy development in Virginia, please call Eric or any of our Virginia energy lawyers.

Virginia’s Lawmakers Could Accelerate Renewable Energy Source Development

As the 2017 Regular Session of the Virginia General Assembly heats up, we are keeping a close eye on legislation that could support the development of additional solar energy in the wind turbines and solar arraysCommonwealth. As  noted in the Richmond Times-Dispatch, there is significant regulatory uncertainty in Virginia regarding the rights of utility customers to purchase solar energy. The Times-Dispatch reported that this legal and regulatory uncertainty “may be stifling the development of a lot of solar projects in Virginia.”

In particular, our attorneys will be reviewing the proposed legislation that emerges from the so-called “Rubin Group,” a group of energy stakeholders, including utilities and pro-solar advocates, that is moderated by Richmond lawyer and mediator Mark Rubin. The stakeholder group has been working for months to propose legislation that would encourage solar development, including investments by non-utility companies, while at the same time balancing the concerns of the utilities who must bear the costs to maintain the electric distribution system. Solar advocates generally want customers to have the freedom to purchase 100% solar energy – even if it is not offered by their incumbent electric utility. The utilities, meanwhile, are concerned that if more customers purchase solar generation from third-party solar suppliers, it could mean less revenue for maintenance of the electric grid.

Please contact one of our energy lawyers or regulatory attorneys should you have questions about the status of any energy legislation being considered by the General Assembly this year. Call it our sunny optimism, but we think solar energy has a bright future in Virginia!

Will Virginia’s “Rate Freeze Law” Stand? The $280 million (Per Year) Question.

The Supreme Court of Virginia Building, adjace...

The Supreme Court of Virginia Building, adjacent to Capitol Square in Richmond, Virginia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A group of industrial customers of Dominion Virginia Power (“Dominion”) recently asked the Supreme Court of Virginia to strike a controversial portion of the Virginia Electric Utility Regulation Act (“Regulation Act”). The group, the Virginia Committee for Fair Utility Rates (“Committee”), is challenging a 2015 amendment to the Regulation Act, Senate Bill 1349, which limits the state’s ability to regulate the electric rates of monopoly public utilities. The so-called “rate freeze law” prevents the State Corporation Commission (“SCC” or “Commission”) from reviewing or reducing the base rates of Dominion and Appalachian Power Company through at least 2022. If the Supreme Court strikes the law, it could mean a significant rate reduction for Dominion’s customers – to the tune of approximately $280 million per year. See our previous information about this topic here.

The rate freeze law is controversial because it prevents the Commission from reducing Dominion’s rates, even though the SCC has previously found that the monopoly utility’s rates are too high and are producing excess profits for Dominion’s shareholders. In its 2013 review of Dominion’s rates, the Commission found that Dominion’s current base rates are set at a level that will produce excess profits of approximately $280 million each year. The Committee’s appeal seeks to overturn the rate freeze law, which would presumably allow the SCC to lower Dominion’s rates substantially. The Committee has argued that if Dominion’s rates remain unchanged through 2022, Dominion’s shareholders will reap excess profits of “well over a billion dollars.”

The challenge was triggered by an SCC order late last year that applied the rate freeze law for the first time. In its Final Order in Dominion’s 2015 Biennial Review rate case, SCC Case No. PUE-2015-00027, a 2-1 majority of the Commission applied SB 1349 as written and declined to adjust Dominion’s base rates or set a new rate of return on equity for the company. Commissioner Dimitri, however, filed a dissenting opinion, stating that the rate freeze law violates Article IX of the Constitution of Virginia because it limits the SCC’s authority to regulate monopoly electric utilities such as Dominion.

The legal arguments advanced by the Committee are also based on Article IX of the Constitution of Virginia, which establishes the powers and duties of the SCC. Article IX, Section 2 provides that “Subject to such criteria and other requirements as may be prescribed by law, the Commission shall have the power and be charged with the duty of regulating the rates, charges, and services … of electric companies.” According to the Committee, therefore, the Commission’s authority to regulate electric rates is subject only to “criteria” and “other requirements” that may established by the General Assembly. By taking the authority to regulate electric rates away from the SCC, the Committee has argued, the rate freeze law runs afoul of Article IX.

Opening briefs in this case (Supreme Court Record No. 160453) are due June 3, and oral arguments are likely to be held during the Supreme Court’s fall term.

If you have any questions about any of the legal aspects of this case or its potential to affect the electric rates paid by Dominion’s customers, do not hesitate to contact one of GreeneHurlocker’s Virginia energy and regulatory attorneys.

Summary of DEQ’s Solar Permit By Rule (PBR) Requirement Small Solar Exemptions

We’ve examined in detail the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (“DEQ”) changes to implement Virginia’s 2009 “Small Renewable Energy Projects” legislation (VA Code 10.1-1197.6). The statute moved authority from the State Corporation Commission (“SCC”) to DEQ over protection of natural resources (specifically wildlife and historic resources) with respect to renewable energy projects. Pursuant to the statute, DEQ has jurisdiction to approve PBR applications for solar projects with a rated capacity of 100 megawatts or less, while the SCC retains jurisdiction for projects with a rated capacity over 100 megawatts. DEQ’s regulations are set forth in 9 VAC 15-60 of the Virginia Administrative Code. The details are on our post here.

MDV-SEIA Sponsors Clean Energy Lobby Day Again

MDV-SEIA elogoOn February 9, 2016, the Maryland, DC, Virginia Solar Energy Industries Association (MDV-SEIA) and the Virginia Energy Efficiency Council will host Clean Energy Lobby Day (CELD) 2016. The event brings together the advanced energy businesses of Virginia with key legislators to advocate for clean technology bills and solar energy-friendly legislation. More than 100 business representatives from Virginia’s solar, wind and energy efficiency industries generally attend.

“GreeneHurlocker will be there and we hope you will join us in this incredible opportunity to make our voices heard,” said Eric Hurlocker, co-managing member of the firm and a Board member of MDV-SEIA. If you want to know more about MDV-SEIA or Clean Energy Day, contact Hurlocker or any of our Virginia energy lawyers.